Vandan Institute For Rehabilitation Research
Education System
Special educational assessment and programming is based on functional level grouping. It provides inbuilt periodic evaluation facility for qualitative and quantitative measure of a child’s progress.
Hostel Facility
A mentally retarded child is unable to perform the daily activities and needs to be trained in them along with the usual training of reading writing and understanding.
Awareness Camp
Vandan Institute for Rehabilitation and Research organizes an ‘Awareness Camp’ once in every three months for mentally handicapped children. In this camp parents
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What is Mental Retardation ?

Mental retardation is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before the age of 18. A complete and accurate understanding of mental retardation involves realizing that mental retardation refers to a particular state of functioning that begins in childhood, has many dimensions, and is affected positively by individualized supports. Adaptive skill areas are those daily living skills needed to live, work and play in the community. They include communication, self-care, home living, social skills, leisure, health and safety, self-direction, functional academics (reading, writing, basic math), community use and work.

Causes of mental retardation

Mental retardation can be caused by any condition, which impairs development of the brain before birth, during birth, or in the childhood years. The major known causes of mental retardation can be categorized as follows:

  • Genetic conditions - These result from abnormality of genes inherited from parents, errors when genes combine, or from other disorders of the genes caused during pregnancy by infections, overexposure to x-rays and other factors.

  • Problems during pregnancy - Use of alcohol or drugs by the pregnant mother can cause mental retardation.

  • Problems at birth - Although any birth condition of unusual stress may injure the infant's brain, prematurity and low birth weight predict serious problems more often than any other conditions.

  • Problems after birth - Childhood diseases such as whooping cough, chicken pox, measles, and Hib disease which may lead to meningitis and encephalitis can damage the brain, as can accidents such as a blow to the head or near drowning. Lead, mercury and other environmental toxins can cause irreparable damage to the brain and nervous system.

  • Poverty and cultural deprivation - Children in poor families may become mentally retarded because of malnutrition, disease-producing conditions, inadequate medical care and environmental health hazards .

  • A number of prevalence studies suggest 3 percent of the general population have mental retardation (The Arc, 1982).
Dr.Bhupendra Nigam
Govt college of Psychology